Strings, relations and dialectics

As I understand it (ha ha), one of the fundamentals of string theory is that it replaces the default assumption of pre-string models of matter. That view is that matter is composed of things. that is, in the classic image, billiard balls, or, in quantum terms, the zoo of structural particles – electrons, protons, and so on. Relationships between these particles are then created by the exchange of ‘messenger’ particles – gluons, gravitons, etc., and so on.

Instead, string theory assumes the reverse – that matter is undifferentiated, but that the highly differentiated structure is created by relationships between the basic components, which is to say, strings themselves. The ‘zoo’ is an illusion created by looking at the same things from different points of view or in different syntheses.

If this (or anything like it) is correct, can a true relational theory of matter be far behind, that allows a unified theory of complex matter to arise on the basis of relationships and relationships between relationships, up to and including not only physical but also chemical, biological and intelligent structures? And that, because it is based on a relationships rather than things, defines each new layer of matter (chemical, biological and intelligent) in terms of their abstraction from their predecessors rather than by the accumulation of forces and factors, and so permits the higher levels (not least intelligent structures such as logic and mathematics) to have an inherent relationship to the lowest, and so explains their otherwise quite unintelligible validity?

Or, beyond even that, a true dialectics of matter?

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